Starting YoungBy Randell Tiongson on April 21st, 2010
Written by my good friend Melvin Esteban. Melvin will be featured at Blue Chip: Financial Literacy Program for the Youth!
By: Melvin J. Esteban, RFP®
Why does it seem so hard for us to save? My take is very basic: We are not really taught how at a young age. Kids should be properly taught the values of saving—constantly, from the elementary level all the way to college. In fact, I believe teaching it should be a requirement of every school.
A couple of weeks ago, I had the opportunity to give a talk to the students of St. La Salle in Bacolod. The topic they chose was financial planning. This means that they would not only be able to pass their subject but also learn something very important—financial planning. They even invited the lower batch to join the event.
If I were asked for advice by parents or teachers on the value of saving, I would tell them to make sure their objective should not only be to teach the child how to save but also to make sure the kid is motivated by it. It would be a struggle if you keep investing money but the kids resent you for it. I had the opportunity to open my first savings account when I was in Grade 1. It was the “Happy Savers Club” of Banco Filipino. It was a very good motivation for me because every time I made a deposit, I got to win a prize. At first, my mom accompanied me to the bank and explained the rewards of saving. After a while, I learned to go to the bank by myself.
Banks are the best starting point for children. Open a kiddy savings account for them. Almost all major banks have one. When you do this, however, make sure you bring along your son or daughter. Make this a fun learning experience for him or her. Make sure, too, that the bank is close to your house because eventually you will want him or her to do it on his/her own.
As the fund gets bigger, you can start to transfer the money in a time deposit. Use the opportunity to explain to him/her the concept of not touching the money for a time so it grows faster.
These lessons can go a long way in motivating your child to save. As you progress from this, you may want to look at other investments like mutual funds, which are offered by mutual-fund companies; or unit investment trust funds, which are offered by banks. The basic concept of this product is that your money is pooled together with other people’s money to make the fund bigger. This will allow the manager to diversify the investment, giving the fund a higher level of return with a lower risk. You may need to choose from a different array of funds like a bond fund or an equity fund. I personally prefer the bond fund, as this is safer and has a fairly good return in the long run.
Remember the advice of a wise man: “Your objective is not to make a lot of money but to make consistent money.” If you keep on looking for investment that makes a lot of money, surely, you can also lose a lot of money.
Last, you may want to look at stocks or equities. Although it’s normally perceived as a risky investment, in the long run you are most likely to be much better off with this kind. Limit your choices to the blue chips. I personally like SM Investments Corp., Ayala Corp. and Bank of the Philippine Islands. This money is intended for your child’s long-term needs, like college education; or you can give it as a graduation gift or seed money for his business in the future. Please do not play the market. Do not buy and sell the stock every month or every time your brokers tell you. It’s only the broker who will become rich because of all the commissions he’ll get. The secret is patience. For as long as you stick to the best company, you shouldn’t mind the volatility in the middle.
There are a lot more investment choices out there, but the trick is to have a good mix of this instruments.
Here are some suggestions:
1. Do not give your child too much allowance. I always tell parents that instead of giving money as baon, just prepare food for the child. When you’re in a grocery store, buy him what he wants so he will look forward to taking that to school. Not only that, you are sure that you are feeding him nutritious food and he won’t be used to the notion that money is given.
2. Assign a weekend task before giving him his pocket money or allowance. It may be as simple as feeding the dog or cleaning his room. The value here is to develop in the child the notion that money is earned.
3. When giving money, show him that you are putting it directly in a piggy bank and eventually putting it in the bank. Let him keep the passbook so he can see his money growing. Explain to him the concept of his money making more money, or the concept of returns. The earlier you impart this value, the better. I was introduced to this concept at the age of 10.
4. Finally, encourage the child to set a goal for saving. It may be a toy for Christmas or a bicycle. This way he will have something exciting to look forward to. This develops delayed gratification.
As a final note, you are doing a good thing here. More than the money, the child learns the value of saving. Sadly, sometimes, this will be a very big challenge for a lot of parents if they themselves don’t save. Make this a family thing, a fun activity. Last, stay committed! Happy wealthy living!